May zo, 1924. r1,494,880
K V. P. AUSBROOKS FISHING TOOL Filed sept. 2e, 1922,
Patented May 20, 1924.
Application ledseptember 26,1922. Serial No. 590,698'.
To all'whom t may concern:
B'e it known that I, VILLEY P. AUsRooKs,
-a citizen of the United States, residi-ng at Oilton, in the county of 'Greek and' State of Oklahoma, have invented certain new and useful Improvements lin Fishing Tools,'of which the following is a specification.-
This' invention relates to fishing lt'ools designed primarily for use 'in connection with the separated or detached elements of oil welldrilling equipment,bnt it is to be understood that the tool 'can' be employed for any purposes wherein it is found'applicable, and' the invention has for its object to p rovide a tool of such classi., in a manner as hereinafter set forti-i, with ,means for not only straddlring the detached'element, of the equipment, which is to be removed, but also for guiding said element to a plurality of clam ing members to be engaged and secure yclamped thereby with ythe body portion of the tool, so as to prevent the separa'- Ation of the secured element from the tool lwhen the latter is withdrawn from the well.
. throughout the several views-:4-l
Flrrther objects ofthe invention are to provide afishing tool for'theA purpose set forth which is simple in' its construction and arrangement, stro-ng, durable, compact, efficient and convenient in its use, readily set up and comparatively inexpensive.
lith the foregoing and other objects -inview, the invention consists of the novel construction, combination and arrangement of parts a-s hereinafter more specifically described and illustrated in the accompanying drawings, wherein is shown an embodiment of the invention, but it is to be understood that changes, variations and modifications can 'be resorted to which come within the vsco-pe of the claims hereunto appended.
In the drawings wherein like reference characters denote -corresponding parts Figure 1 Yis an elevation of a iishi-ng tool in accordance with this invention.
Figure 2 is a vertical sectional view broken away, f y l Figure 3 is a section on line 3 3, Figure 2,
Figure el is a sect-ion on line del, Figure' 1. A -is'hing tool in accordance with this invention comprises a hollow tubular :body portion 5, which is `longitudinally slotted as at 6, and provided in'terniediate'its endsKA with a Atransversely .extendlngbolt 7 .'"which constitutes' a stopfor the vupper end of an expansib'le element 8, the latter being inthe form of a. coiledv spring and arranged `within the chamber 9', formed by the bodyportion 5. The wall of the chamber 9:, at the lower portion thereof is tapered as indicated at 10, and which tapered portion is arranged above the lower terminus of the body por# tion 5, and provides a shifting means for a plurality of clamping members to abe presently.referred to. Q V
The upper terminus of the body portion 5,l
is contracted as at 11, and formed'with a polygonal extension 12, the latter terminatin ing in Ia coneshaped peripherally threaded shank 13, for the" purpose of coupling the tool tof a lineI sec-tion 14, as indicated in dotted lines Figure 1. The lower terminus of the body portion' 5, is vformed of a substantiallyl wide lower edge. Formed `integralwith the outer portion kof said edgegat diametrical'ly opposedg'points, isa pair of elongated oppositely disposed outwardly inclined spaced'guide 4members 15, 16, and
which are of greater length `than the body portion 5. Each of the gu'idemembers, at any point throughout 'its length, is arcuate in ltransverse section and each 'of said members gradually increase yin width fthrOughou-t from said lower edge'.` The outwardly incli'ning of the members l5, 16, in opposite directions lwith respect to 'each other, 'and the gradual increasing in width of each member from 'its upper towards its lower end rl'iroughout, provides what maybe termed a catching space for the object lwhich is to bc caught and 'with said catching space gradually lincreasing in Iarea throughout from the upper to the 'lowerends of said members. "As each ofthe members '15, 16, is forme-d integral with the outerportion 'of the lower edge, thesaidmembers are'of 'a 'thickness materially less than thewidth of saidY lower edge.A By setting up the guide members in a manner where they will'be extended in opposite directions with respect "to each other, that is tosay, `at an outward inclination, the openings formed between the side edges of said yn'iembers gradually vin- `v crease in width from said lower vedgevofthe body' portion 5 to the lower end of the lsaid members 15, 16. The setting up of the catching space of gradually increasing'area so that it will'enlarge in a direction towards the lower ends of the members 15, 16, enables articles of varying sizes to' Abe caught within the space to 'be engaged by 'ay gripping or clamping element to be presently referred to.
The openingsof gradually increasingwidth formed between the members 15, 16, permit of the entry of objects of varying sizes lnto the catching space.
Arranged within the chamber 9, formed by the body portion 5, is a series of clamping members as shown three in number, and which are indicated by the reference characters 17, 18 and 19, and each of these clamping members is quadrant shaped in cross section. The upper portion of the outerr periphery of each of the clamping members is cylindrical as indicated at 20, andv the lower portion of the outer periphery of each of said clamping members is beveled asat 21. kThe inner periphery of each of the clamping members is serrated `or toothed as at 22, to provide a gripping face. The upper rportion of each of the gripping members is set up in such a manner so that there will be a space, as indicated ,at v23, between the clamping `members `and that portion of the wall of the chamber 9, above the tapered portion 10, of said wall. That pa-rt of theperiphery of each of the clamping members which is beveled rides against the tapered portion 10, ofthe wall of the chamber 9. The normal position of the clamping members, is as shown in Figure 2 of the drawings, and said `clamping memfbers are maintained in such position by` the action of the expansible. member 8, which bears against a cylindrical plunger 24, the latter engaging the upper edges of the clamping members. `The clamping members are adapted to be shifted upwardly against the action of the. expansible element or member 8, and when shifted upwardly within the chamber 9, can 'open relatively to each other, so that when the body rportion 5, is
moved upwardly, the tapered portion 10, of the wall of the chamber 9, riding against the beveled periphery of the clamping members, will shift these latter toward each 'other and maintain them in such position.
vIt will be assumed that the guide members 15, 16, `have straddled a detached ele- ',ment of the oil'well equipment, the said 'element is then directed to a vertical position, as the tool rvmoves downwardly, and the end of said element will eventually enter Athe-lower end of the chamber 9, which abuts against the clamping members, forcing the same upwardly against `the action of the springS, and with the upper end of the element entering between the clamping members, due to the fact that when the -clamping members are forced upwardly they will beseparated with respect to each other, and kafter the detachedelement is positloned 1n the manner as stated, that is to say with its upper end positioned between the clamping members, the body portion 5,
is shifted upwardly, which causes the tapered portion 10, of the wall of the chamber From the foregoing description taken in 'draw- .i
connectionA with the accompanying ings, a construction of fishingtool is set up which provides for the autor'natic gripping of a detached element within the well, so that the element can be removed therefrom,
and will be understood, that the construction is not limited tothe details shown and described, as modifications withrespectto the elements of the tool can be made without departingfrom the spirit of the invention.
What I vclaim is 1.a fishing i001 Comprising' a 'honbw cylindrical body portionhaving a vsubstantially `wide lower edge, means in connection with the inner face of vsaid body portion to provide in the latter a spring controlledff gripping element for coupling a caught object with said bodyportion, anda pair of elongated oppositelyfdisposed outwardly inclined` spaced :arcuate guide members integral with the outer portionjof saidiedge at diametrically opposed points and disposed throughout at a permanent inclina- `tion with respect tosaid body portion, each of said guide members being o fless thickness than. the width of said wide lower edge and gradually increasing inwidth from the upper to the lower terminus. thereof, each of said guide members further 'being arcuate in cross section atanygpoint throughout its length thereby providing an object catching space gradually increasing in area throughout from the upper to the lower terminiof said members, and said members so disposed' to provide between the side edgesthereof width' from the upper to the lower: termini of the members and providing entrances for said catching space.
'2. A fishing tool comprising v,a Vhollow opposed openings gradually increasing in cylindrical body having means therein to provide a spring controlled grippingv element for coupling a caught objectfwitlr said body portion, and pair of elongated' oppositely disposedoutwardly inclined :spaced arcuateguidey members'integral with the lower edge of said body portion at diametrically opposed points and disposed throughout at .a permanent inclination with respect to said body portioli,each offsaid guide members gradually increasing .in,
width from theupper Vtothe lowerte'rminus thereof and further being arcuate in cross ing in Width from the upper to the lower termini of the members and providing entrances for said catching space. 10
In testimony whereof, I affix my signature hereto.
VILLEY P. AUSBROOKS.