Elevator

Abstract

Claims

April 15, 1924. , 1,490,2 71 F. A. HEcHT. JR l April 1s, 1924. f 1,490,271 f F. A. HECHT, JR ELEVATOR Filed Oct. 20, l1920 3 Sheets-Sheet 2 @mA/wma@ 71 lli Patented Apr. 15, 1924. FRANK A.. nnon'r, JR., 0F CHICAGO, ILLINOIS. `ELnvA'roR. Application filed October 20, 1920. Serial No. 418,134. To @ZZ whom t may concern: Be it lrnownthat l', FRANK A. Hnoirr, J r., a citizen the Unit l States, residing at Chica in `the coun' ,y of Cook and State have invented certain new and @ments in Elevatorsof which the follou g a speciiication. My invention relates tov elevators and especially those used to carry freight. The primary object of the invention is to eliminate the ditiiculty encountered in moving frei frht, especially 'when carried by wheeled trucks, fromy an elevator onto the fioor of a building and vice versa due to inaccuracy in stopping the elevator level with the floor. In the present embodiment I accomplish this purpose by providing means for tilt'- ing a section of the flooring of the elevator or the building to bring they adjacent edges of the elevator floor and the floor of the building to exactly the. same level regardless of w iether the elevator has been stopped above or below the floorlevel. Another object is to provide automatic means suitable for use in connection with either manually controlled or push button controlled elevators for controlling the movement of the tiltable section. While I have illustrated my invention as embodied in an electric elevator,'it will be obvious that in its broad aspect the invention is not limited `to an elevator driven by any particular kind of power. Another object of my invention isto provide automatic means for readjusting the tiltable section while the car is running, to cut down the time required for the automatic adjustment when the car is next stopped. Further objects and advantages of my invention will become apparent as the description proceeds. .In the accompanying drawings, Figure 1 is a side view illustrating somewhat diagranin'iatically an elevator and a portion of two floors of a building. I1`ig.Y 2 is an enlarged view of mechanical power connec tions for tilting the movable section. Fig. 3 is a view'at right angles to Fig. 2 showing the same parts. Fig; 4 is a wiring diagram and Fig; 5 is a detail view of a modiiicat-ion of the device. In the embodiment of my invention sen lected for illustration, an elevator car 10 of a suitablek design suspended in the usual manner by means of cables 12 pass-` ing over a hoisting drum 14 and a guide sheave 16 for attachment to the usual counterweight (not shown). An electric motor 18 has been illustrated connected to the hoisting drum by a worm 20. In the embodinient shown in Fig. 1 I provide a section of {iooring 22 adjacent the edge of the elevatorl pivoted at 24 and power means for rocking the section about its pivot to bring the free edge either above'or below the level of the main section of the car iioor. The power means illustrated for this purpose comprises an electric motor 26 having the usual brake 27 and connected through a worm 28 and worm Wheel 30 to a shaft 32 extending parallel to the free edge of the tiltable section 22, Eccentrics 34 at the ends ofthe shaft 32 support rollers 36 carried by the tiltable section 22. It will be apparent that by rotating shaft 32 the free edge of the tiltable section may be moved up or down to bring it precisely level with the adjacent floor of the' building structure. A suitable cam 38 stationarily mounted in the elevator shaft may be engaged by rollers 40 actuating bell crank levers 42 to make contacts at 44 and 46 for the automatic control of the motor 26. The bell crank levers are preferably supported on a vertical standard 48 pivotally connected at 50 to the tiltable section 22 adjacent its yfree edge, and sliding vertically through guide brackets 52 carried by the car. In Fig. 4, I have shown a suitable wiring diagram for the control of the elevator when power is supplied by a three phase alternating current.r L, L2 and L3 indicate the power mains and 54 is a hand controller. It will be obvious that the contacts established by the hand controller may be controlled by means of push buttons if desired. Themain motor 18 is controlled by reversing switches M and M and the auxiliary motor by similar switches A. and A. Operation of the controller 54 to connect contacts 56 and 58 will establish a. control circuit as follows: from L2 through wire G0 to contact 58, from contact 56 through wire 62 to operating coil 64 of the switch M and through wires 66 and 68 to L. Switch M is thereby closed and establishes power circuits to the main motor as follows: L3 is alwaysconnected through wires wire 78 and wire 80 to another terminal of the motor and L1 is connected through contacts 82 and 84 and wires 86 and 88 to the third terminal. The acceleration of the motor may be automatically controlled by suitable braking circuits connected to the armature by slip rings 90. As these circuits form no part of my present invention and may be arranged according to any one of a large number of well known systems, detailed description thereof is deemed unnecessary. As the car approaches floor level at which a stop is to be made, the controller 54 opens the circuit through contacts 56 and 58 whereupon switch M falls open. This will deprive the main motor of its power supply and also establish connections for the automatic control of the t-ilting motor 26 as follows: L2 isconnected through wires 92 and 94, back contacts 96 on switch M, wire 98 bach contacts 100 on switch M and wir@J 102 to the moving contacts 44 and 46 controlled by the cam 88. From the upper fixed contact 104 current may flow through wire 106 to coil 108 ofthe switch A and through wires 110 and 112, contact 114, wire 116 and contact 82 to L1. A similar circuit may be traced from the lower fixed contact 118 through wires 120 and 122 and coil 124 of switch A through wires 110 and 112 and to L1 as before. It will be apparent that the switch A will be actuated by closure of contacts 44 and 104 and that switch A will be actuated by closure of contacts 46 and 118. Assume that the car is stopped below the floor level and contacts 44 and 104 are closed by the cam completing the conti-ot ling circuit for switch A which thereupon closes. Power is delivered to motor 26 as follows: L3 is always connected through wires and 121 to one field terminal. From L2 current flows through wire 126. contacts 128 and wires 130 and 182 to another field terminal, and from L1 through wires 116, contacts 114 and wires 184 and 186 to the third terminal. The motor 26 will thereupon be actuated to rotate shaft 82 and tilt the pivoted section until the resultant movement brings the cam 38 into central position between rollers 40 in which position the edge of the tiltable section will be exactly level with the adjacent licor structure. It will be seen that switches M and A" complete power circuits identical with those controlled by switches M and A es` cept that L1 and L2 are interchanged between the switches by crossing wires 78 and 86 between switches M and M and wires 130 and 134 between switches A and A". lt will also be apparent that motor 26 cannot be actuated when either switch M or M is closed to operate the main motor, as the control circuit for operating switches A and A passes through back contacts 96 and on both of switches M and M. The means I have provided for automatically bringing the tiltable section to an intermediate position while the car is ruiming comprises in this instance a cam 136 mounted on shaft 82 and adapted to engage rocker arms 138 or 140 to close contacts at 142 or 144. The circuits by which these contacts control the motor are operative whenever either switch M or switch M has been closed as follows: from L2 through wire 146:y contacts 148 and wire 150, or through wire 152, contacts 154 and wire 156 to a connecting point 158 and from there through wire 160 and cross wire 162 to contacts 142 and 144. The moving contact 142 carried by rocher arm 188 is connected to Wire 106 to deliver power to coil 108 through the saine circuit contacts 44 and 104, and contact 144 on rocker arm 140 is similarly connected at 164 to wire 122 forming part of the circuit from contacts -16 and 118 through coil 124. Closure of either switch M or M will render contacts 44, 104.l 46 and 118 inoperative by opening either contacts 96 or 100, and will simultaneously render contacts 142 and 144 operative by closing either contacts 148 or 154. During the movement of the car7 therefore, the cam 136 will automatically operate to bring the tiltable section to its intermediate position and when switches M and M are both open in stopping the car, the cani 38 in the hatc-hway will automa-tically control the same motor to level the edge of the tiltable section with the adjacent floor. lVhere the elevator has doors on both sides an additional section 166 may obviously be provided mechanically connected with shaft 32 for similar movement in synchronism with section or provided with an additional motor as may be most convenient. In Fig. 5 I have illustrated the tiltalile section 14:36 as foi-ning part of the tlc-or of the building. ,it will be obvious that such a section may be controlled in precisely the same manner as the section 22 and with equal facility. lVhile I have illustrated and described in detail t-he preferred embodiment of my invention, it should be clearly understood that the disclosure is merely for purposes of illustration and that many modifications and variations will naturally occur to those skilled in the art. l aim in the subjoincd claims to cover all such legitimate variations and modifications. I claim as my invention: 1. In ay device of the class described, an elevator car, a vertical hatchway, a. stationary cam in the hatchway, a pivoted section forming part ofthe floor of the car, elecijrical means for tilting the pivoted section, electrical contacts controlled by the cam, a main hoisting motor, and electrical connections rendered operative by actuating the controller to stop the main motor, for automatically controlling said tilting means by means of said cam to tilt the section and bringv its edge level with the floor of the building. 2. In a device of the class described, a fixed structure, a movable structure, Ameans ttor bringing the movable; structure to rest in the vicinity of the level of. the fixed structure, a relatively movable section forming part of one of said structures, cam means fixed with respect to said fixed structure, cam engaging means fixed With respect to vsaid movable section, and means rendered operative by said cam and cam engaging means 'for moving the section to bring its edge level with the edge of the other structure. 3. In a device of the class described, a lixed structure, a movable structure, means tor bringing the movable structure to rest in the vicinity of the level of the fixed structure, a pivoted section forming part of one of said structures and having its f'ree edge adjacent the other structure, means rendered operative by stopping the movable structure for tilting the pivoted section to bring its free edge level with the edge of the other structure, and means for readjusting the pivoted section to an intermediate position during movement of the movable structure. Il. In a device of the kclass described, an elevator car, a series of floors, means for moving the same from floor to floor and for stopping it at any desired floor, av relatively movable section forming part of the floor of the car, and means operable when said elevator car is at rest for moving the section to bring its edge exactlyL level with said desired floor. In a device of the class described, a fixed floor structure, a vertically movable fioor structure, means for bringing the movable floor structure to rest in the vicinity of the level of the fixed structure, a relatively movable section forming a portion of one of said structures, and automatic means operable when-said movable structure is at rest to move the section to bring its edge level with the other structure. G. In a device of. the. class described, a lixed structure, a movable structure, means for bringing the movable structure to rest approximately level With the fixed structure, a pivoted section forming part ott' one of said structures and having its free edge adjacent the other structure, automatic means rendered operative, by stopping the movable structure for tilting the pivoted section to bring its free edge level with the edge of the other structure, and automatic means rendered operative by putting the movable structure in motion to readjust the pivoted section to an intermediate position. 7. In a device of the character described, n fixed Hoor structure, a vertically movable floor structure, means for bringing the movable fioor structure to rest in the vicinity et the level of said fixed structure, a relatively movable S'rtion forming a portion et one of said structures, a shaft mounted belensaid portion, eccentrics mounted on said shaft and engaging the underside ofsaid portion, means for rotatingsaid shaft, and cooperative means larried by said portion and the opposite structure for rendering said last mentioned means operative. 8. In a device of the class described, a fixed structure, a movable structure, means for bringing tbe movable` structure to rest in the vicinity of the klevel of the fixed structure, a pivoted section forming part of" one of said structures and having its free edge adjacent the other struct-ure, means rendered operative by stopping the movable structure for tilting the pivoted section to bring its free edge level with the edge of the other' structure, and automatic means for readjusting the pivotedsection to an intermediate position during movement of the movable structure. 9. In a device of the class described, a fixed floor structure, an elevator car, a movable section forming part of the floor of said car, a shaft mounted belovv said portion, means on said shaft for engaging said portion to bring the edge of tlie latter exactly level with the door, and means mounted on said car for actuating said shaft. 10. In a device of the class described, a fixed floor structure, a vertically movable floor structure, means for bringing the movable floor structure to rest in the vicinity of the level of the fixed structure, a tiltable section forming a portion of one of said structures, and automatic means for tilting the section up or down from the structure to which it is attached, said means becoming inoperative when the edge of' said section is level with the opposed structure. l1. In a device of the class described, a iloor structure, an elevator car, a relatively movable section forming part oit the car licor, a hoisting motor, automatic means operable over a limited range adjacent the fioor level position of the car for bringing the edge of said section level ivith said floor structure, and automatic means operable during movement of the car `from floor to floor for readjusting said first mentioned automatic means preparatory to the next operation. l2. In a device of the class described, an elevator car, a main hoisting' motor, means 'for controlling said motor to stop the car in the vicinity of the level of any floor, said

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Cited By (4)

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    US-3323606-AJune 06, 1967Otis Elevator CoElevator load weighing apparatus
    US-3651893-AMarch 28, 1972Westinghouse Electric CorpDuplex counterweightless shuttle elevator system
    US-4287551-ASeptember 01, 1981Mitsubishi Denki Kabushiki KaishaElevator traction machine
    US-4293889-AOctober 06, 1981Mitsubishi Denki Kabushiki KaishaDevice for grounding an elevator winder